CSF p-Tau levels in the prediction of Alzheimer's disease

Ramesh J.L. Kandimalla, Sudesh Prabhakar, Willayat Yousuf Wani, Alka Kaushal, Nidhi Gupta, Deep Raj Sharma, V. K. Grover, Neerja Bhardwaj, Kajal Jain, Kiran Dip Gill*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The two hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques. Neurofibrillary tangles are formed due to the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein. There is an urgent need to develop a reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of AD. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is surrounding the brain and reflects the major neuropathological features in the AD brain. Diagnosis, disease progression and drug actions rely on the AD biomarkers. Mainly CSF tau and phosphorylated tau (p-Tau) have been observed to serve the purpose for early AD. Keeping in view the early appearance of p-Tau in CSF, we analyzed p- Tau levels in 23 AD, 23 Non AD type dementia (NAD), 23 Neurological control (NC) and 23 Healthy control (HC) North Indian patients. The levels of p-Tau were found to be increased in AD patients (67.87 ± 18.05 pg/ml, SEM 3.76) compared with NAD (47.55 ± 7.85 pg/ml, SEM 1.64), NC (34.42 ± 4.51 pg/ml, SEM 0.94) and HC (27.09 ± 7.18 pg/ml, SEM 1.50). The resulting sensitivity for AD with NAD was 80.27% whereas with respect to the NAD, NC and HC was 85.40%. Therefore elevated levels of p-Tau in AD can be exploited as a predictive biomarker in North Indian AD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1124
Number of pages6
JournalBiology Open
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2013


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • North Indian patients
  • P-Tau
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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