CT of the azygoesophageal recess in infants and children.

Frank H Miller*, S. W. Fitzgerald, James S Donaldson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The contour of the azygoesophageal recess (AER) as seen with computed tomography (CT) is an important indicator of mediastinal disorders. Radiologists must recognize, however, that the AER contour varies with patient age. The configuration of the AER is dextroconvex in children younger than 6 years, nonconcave (ie, equally divided between convex and straight) in children aged 6-12 years, and concave (or adult-like) in adolescents and young adults (aged 12-20 years). The cause of this variation is not certain; however, chest wall configuration does not seem to be an important factor. Although a convex AER is normal and common in pediatric patients, this normal appearance must be distinguished from that of mediastinal abnormalities (eg, foregut malformation cysts, vascular anomalies, lymphadenopathy), which can also produce obvious or subtle convexity of the AER. An appreciation for the age-related variation in AER configuration helps in the interpretation of CT scans. Criteria such as attenuation, morphologic characteristics, cephalocaudal extent, and multicompartmental involvement may be helpful in the differential diagnosis, but, generally, mediastinal abnormalities that alter the AER are nonspecific in appearance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-634
Number of pages12
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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