Intravenous treatment with Ag (peptide)-coupled, ethylene carbodiimide-fixed syngeneic splenocytes (Ag-SP) is a powerful method to induce anergy in vitro and peripheral T cell tolerance in vivo. In this study, we examined the effects of Ag-SP administration on T cell activity ex vivo and in vivo using OVA-specific DO11.10 TCR transgenic T cells. Although treatment with OVA323-339-SP resulted in a strong inhibition of peptide-specific T cell recall responses in vitro, examination of the immediate effects of Ag-SP treatment on T cells in vivo demonstrated that tolerogen injection resulted in rapid T cell activation and proliferation. Although there was an increase in the number of OVA-specific DO11.10 T cells detected in the lymphoid organs, these previously tolerized T cells were strongly inhibited in mounting proliferative or inflammatory responses upon rechallenge in vivo with peptide in CFA. This unresponsiveness was reversible by treatment with anti-CTLA-4 mAb. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that Ag-SP injection induces a state of T cell anergy that is maintained by CTLA-4 engagement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy