Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception: An fMRI study

Tokiko Harada, Yoko Mano, Hidetsugu Komeda, Lisa A. Hechtman, Narun Pornpattananangkul, Todd B. Parrish, Norihiro Sadato, Tetsuya Iidaka, Joan Y. Chiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cultural factors, such as cultural group membership, have been shown to affect neural bases of face and emotion perception. However, little is known about how cultural factors influence neural processing of emotional faces expressed by in-group and out-group members. In this study, we examined cultural influences on neural activation during the intergroup perception of negative emotional faces. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare neural activation during intergroup emotion processing across cultures in three participants groups; two monocultural groups (i.e. Caucasian-Americans and native Japanese) and a bicultural group (i.e. Japanese-Americans). During scanning, the participants completed an emotional match-to-sample task consisting of negative facial expressions of Japanese and Caucasians. Our results show cultural modulation of neural response in the bilateral amygdala as a function of in-group biases and collectivistic values. Additionally, bicultural Japanese-Americans showed enhanced neural responses in the ventral medial prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortices, which had been related to self-related processing, during the perception of negative facial expression of Japanese. Neural activation in the ventral and posterior cingulate cortices reflected individuals’ collectivistic tendencies only in the Japanese-American group, possibly due to greater sensitivity to ingroup biases in bicultural individuals. Our results demonstrate the influence of culture on neural responses during the perception of intergroup emotion from faces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107254
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume137
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2020

Fingerprint

Asian Americans
Emotions
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Facial Expression
Gyrus Cinguli
North American Indians
Amygdala

Keywords

  • Bicultural individual
  • Culture
  • fMRI
  • In-group
  • Intergroup emotion
  • Negative facial expression
  • Out-group
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Harada, T., Mano, Y., Komeda, H., Hechtman, L. A., Pornpattananangkul, N., Parrish, T. B., ... Chiao, J. Y. (2020). Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception: An fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 137, [107254]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.107254
Harada, Tokiko ; Mano, Yoko ; Komeda, Hidetsugu ; Hechtman, Lisa A. ; Pornpattananangkul, Narun ; Parrish, Todd B. ; Sadato, Norihiro ; Iidaka, Tetsuya ; Chiao, Joan Y. / Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception : An fMRI study. In: Neuropsychologia. 2020 ; Vol. 137.
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Harada, T, Mano, Y, Komeda, H, Hechtman, LA, Pornpattananangkul, N, Parrish, TB, Sadato, N, Iidaka, T & Chiao, JY 2020, 'Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception: An fMRI study', Neuropsychologia, vol. 137, 107254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.107254

Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception : An fMRI study. / Harada, Tokiko; Mano, Yoko; Komeda, Hidetsugu; Hechtman, Lisa A.; Pornpattananangkul, Narun; Parrish, Todd B.; Sadato, Norihiro; Iidaka, Tetsuya; Chiao, Joan Y.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 137, 107254, 03.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cultural influences on neural systems of intergroup emotion perception

T2 - An fMRI study

AU - Harada, Tokiko

AU - Mano, Yoko

AU - Komeda, Hidetsugu

AU - Hechtman, Lisa A.

AU - Pornpattananangkul, Narun

AU - Parrish, Todd B.

AU - Sadato, Norihiro

AU - Iidaka, Tetsuya

AU - Chiao, Joan Y.

PY - 2020/2/3

Y1 - 2020/2/3

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AB - Cultural factors, such as cultural group membership, have been shown to affect neural bases of face and emotion perception. However, little is known about how cultural factors influence neural processing of emotional faces expressed by in-group and out-group members. In this study, we examined cultural influences on neural activation during the intergroup perception of negative emotional faces. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare neural activation during intergroup emotion processing across cultures in three participants groups; two monocultural groups (i.e. Caucasian-Americans and native Japanese) and a bicultural group (i.e. Japanese-Americans). During scanning, the participants completed an emotional match-to-sample task consisting of negative facial expressions of Japanese and Caucasians. Our results show cultural modulation of neural response in the bilateral amygdala as a function of in-group biases and collectivistic values. Additionally, bicultural Japanese-Americans showed enhanced neural responses in the ventral medial prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortices, which had been related to self-related processing, during the perception of negative facial expression of Japanese. Neural activation in the ventral and posterior cingulate cortices reflected individuals’ collectivistic tendencies only in the Japanese-American group, possibly due to greater sensitivity to ingroup biases in bicultural individuals. Our results demonstrate the influence of culture on neural responses during the perception of intergroup emotion from faces.

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