Culturally competent transplant program improves Hispanics' knowledge and attitudes about live kidney donation and transplant

Elisa J. Gordon*, Elizabeth Reddy, Sorelly Gil, Joseph Feinglass, Jillian Rodde, Michael M. Abecassis, Juan Carlos Caicedo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context - Hispanics receive disproportionately fewer live donor kidney transplants than non-Hispanic whites. Increasing Hispanics' knowledge and changing attitudes about live kidney donation may reduce these disparities.Objective - To evaluate the effectiveness of culturally and linguistically competent educational sessions delivered through Northwestern University's Hispanic Transplant Program.Design - Baseline and postsession questionnaires were used to evaluate changes in patients' and family members' knowledge and attitudes toward live kidney donation and program satisfaction. Knowledge items related to live kidney donation were scaled, and changes in scores were evaluated via a paired t test. Multiple regression analysis of follow-up knowledge scores controlled for baseline scores was used to estimate the effects of patients' and families' sociodemographic characteristics. Changes in attitude items, including comfort with exploring live kidney donation, were analyzed with χ2 tests.Results - One-hundred thirteen patients and family members completed surveys before and after an education session. Respondents' knowledge about live kidney donation and transplant increased significantly (P<.001) between baseline and after the session. Patients' attitudes toward live kidney donation became more favorable (P< .02), as did family members' attitudes toward being a donor (P < .001) after participating in the program. All respondents reported high levels of satisfaction with the program and preferences for culturally congruent care.Conclusions - The educational sessions provided by the Hispanic Transplant Program effectively addressed commonly shared Hispanic concerns about live kidney donation. Culturally congruent education increased Hispanic patients' and family members' knowledge and improved attitudes about live donor kidney transplants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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