Current and Evolving Indications for Simultaneous Liver Kidney Transplantation

Kathy M. Nilles, Josh Levitsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review will discuss the etiologies of kidney disease in liver transplant candidates, provide a historical background of the prior evolution of simultaneous liver-kidney (SLK) transplant indications, discuss the current indications for SLK including Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network policies and Model for End Stage Liver Disease exception points, as well as provide an overview of the safety net kidney transplant policy. Finally, the authors explore unanswered questions and future research needed in SLK transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-320
Number of pages13
JournalSeminars in Liver Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021


  • kidney after liver transplant
  • liver transplant alone
  • outcomes
  • renal recovery
  • safety net kidney transplant
  • simultaneous liver kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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