Symptomatic hydrocephalus is a common condition associated with myelomeningocele (open spina bifida). Traditionally, hydrocephalus was treated with insertion of a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. This has been the standard of treatment since the introduction of the Holter shunt valve for the VP shunt in the late 1950s. Now there are other treatments that offer alternatives to VP shunt diversion for hydrocephalus. This article is a review of hydrocephalus associated with myelomeningocele and its treatment options. Treatment in the form of a VP shunt, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), and conservative management are discussed.
- Spina bifida
- Surgical management
- Ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Neurology