Current psychometric and methodological issues in the measurement of overgeneral autobiographical memory

James W. Griffith*, Jennifer A. Sumner, Filip Raes, Thorsten Barnhofer, Elise Debeer, Dirk Hermans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Autobiographical memory is a multifaceted construct that is related to psychopathology and other difficulties in functioning. Across many studies, a variety of methods have been used to study autobiographical memory. The relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) and psychopathology has been of particular interest, and many studies of this cognitive phenomenon rely on the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess it. In this paper, we examine several methodological approaches to studying autobiographical memory, and focus primarily on methodological and psychometric considerations in OGM research. We pay particular attention to what is known about the reliability, validity, and methodological variations of the AMT. The AMT has adequate psychometric properties, but there is great variability in methodology across studies that use it. Methodological recommendations and suggestions for future studies are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S21-S31
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • Autobiographical Memory Test
  • Autobiographical memory
  • Memory specificity
  • Methodology
  • Overgeneral autobiographical memory
  • Psychometrics
  • Reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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