Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated comorbidities are a major public health issue in the United States. Although a sizable pharmacotherapeutic armamentarium exists to combat this disease and several sources have published evidence-based management guidelines, the management of patients with T2DM remains complex and suboptimal. Currently available medications target various organs in an attempt to normalize hyperglycemia; however, newer agents targeting additional organ systems are in development. Among these, a class of medications that inhibit the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) in the kidney show promise in their ability to decrease glucose reabsorption and increase glucose excretion. In particular, one of these compounds, canagliflozin, recently was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Despite such advances, the natural course of T2DM often eventually leads to the initiation of insulin therapy. A working knowledge of management guidelines, particularly concerning when and how to initiate monotherapies, combination therapies, and complex insulin regimens, is essential for optimal patient management. Insulin therapies should mimic normal physiologic levels of insulin through the use of both basal and bolus insulin analogues. Recognition of the various factors influencing therapeutic choices is also critical for improved patient management.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Managed Care|
|Issue number||8 SUPPL|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy