Current status of acute intravenous therapy for chronic heart failure exacerbations

T. Taneja, M. R. Johnson, Mihai Gheorghiade*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Chronic heart failure (HF) will be the disease of the new millennium. The last decade has seen major developments in the management of HF, with β- blockers and ACE inhibitors becoming the cornerstones of therapy by virtue of the reductions in total mortality. However, significant gaps remain. Hospitalization for exacerbations of HF are frequent and account for more than 6 million hospital days from this disease related group. Although a variety of intravenous (IV) agents are available for the management of exacerbations of HF, readmission rates are as high as 20%-47% at 6 months. Acute IV therapy for acute decompensation of chronic HF consists of inotropic agents most of which also have vasodilator properties, vasodilator, and diuretics. In addition, there are newer agents in various developmental stages, especially, calcium sensitizing drugs, vasopressin receptor antagonists, and natriuretic peptides. Despite the multiplicity of agents, there are no well designed, randomized, placebo controlled trials to guide IV inpatient therapy for HF exacerbations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCongestive Heart Failure
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Current status of acute intravenous therapy for chronic heart failure exacerbations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this