Current strategies of critical care assessment and therapy of the obese patient (hypocaloric feeding): What are we doing and what do we need to do?

Robert F Kushner*, John W. Drover

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two of the most challenging issues in the clinical management of the obese patient are assessing energy requirements and whether hypocaloric (permissive) underfeeding should be employed. Multiple predictive equations have been used in the literature to estimate resting metabolic rate, although no consensus has emerged regarding which prediction equation is most accurate and precise in the obese population. Hypocaloric, or permissive underfeeding, specifically refers to the intentional administration of calories that are less than predicted energy expenditure. Thus far, very few studies performed have been performed to assess the efficacy of hypocaloric feeding in the obese hospitalized patient. It is concluded that the optimal caloric intake of obese patients in the intensive care unit remains unclear given the limitation of the existing data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume35
Issue number5 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Critical illness
  • Hypocaloric feeding
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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