Flow fields in cerebral aneurysms can be measured in vivo with phase-contrast MRI (4D Flow MRI), providing 3D anatomical magnitude images as well as 3-directional velocities through the cardiac cycle. The low spatial resolution of the 4D Flow MRI data, however, requires the images to be co-registered with higher resolution angiographic data for better segmentation of the blood vessel geometries to adequately quantify relevant flow descriptors such as wall shear stress or flow residence time. Time-of-Flight Magnetic Resonance Angiography (TOF MRA) is a non-invasive technique for visualizing blood vessels without the need to administer contrast agent. Instead TOF uses the blood flow-related enhancement of unsaturated spins entering into an imaging slice as means to generate contrast between the stationary tissue and the moving blood. Because of the higher resolutions, TOF data are often used to assist with the segmentation process needed for the flow analysis and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling. However, presence of slow moving and recirculating blood flow such as in brain aneurysms, especially regions where the blood flow is not perpendicular to the image plane, causes signal loss in these regions. In this work a 3D Curvelet Transform-based image fusion approach is proposed for signal loss artifact reduction of TOF volume data. Experiments show the superiority of the proposed approach in comparison to other multi-resolution 3D Wavelet-based image fusion methodologies. The proposed approach can further facilitate model-based fluid analysis and pre/post-operative treatment of patients with brain aneurysms.
- 4D flow MRI
- Curvelet transform
- Phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI)
- Time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF MRA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Health Informatics