Cu4MnGe2S7and Cu2MnGeS4: Two polar thiogermanates exhibiting second harmonic generation in the infrared and structures derived from hexagonal diamond

Jennifer R. Glenn, Jeong Bin Cho, Yiqun Wang, Andrew J. Craig, Jian Han Zhang, Marvene Cribbs, Stanislav S. Stoyko, Kate E. Rosello, Christopher Barton, Allyson Bonnoni, Pedro Grima-Gallardo, Joseph H. Macneil, James M. Rondinelli, Joon I. Jang, Jennifer A. Aitken*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The new, quaternary diamond-like semiconductor (DLS) Cu4MnGe2S7 was prepared at high-temperature from a stoichiometric reaction of the elements under vacuum. Single crystal X-ray diffraction data were used to solve and refine the structure in the polar space group Cc. Cu4MnGe2S7 features [Ge2S7]6- units and adopts the Cu5Si2S7 structure type that can be considered a derivative of the hexagonal diamond structure. The DLS Cu2MnGeS4 with the wurtz-stannite structure was similarly prepared at a lower temperature. The achievement of relatively phase-pure samples, confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction data, was nontrival as differential thermal analysis shows an incongruent melting behaviour for both compounds at relatively high temperature. The dark red Cu2MnGeS4 and Cu4MnGe2S7 compounds exhibit direct optical bandgaps of 2.21 and 1.98 eV, respectively. The infrared (IR) spectra indicate potentially wide windows of optical transparency up to 25 μm for both materials. Using the Kurtz-Perry powder method, the second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility, χ(2), values for Cu2MnGeS4 and Cu4MnGe2S7 were estimated to be 16.9 ± 2.0 pm V-1 and 2.33 ± 0.86 pm V-1, respectively, by comparing with an optical-quality standard reference material, AgGaSe2 (AGSe). Cu2MnGeS4 was found to be phase matchable at λ = 3100 nm, whereas Cu4MnGe2S7 was determined to be non-phase matchable at λ = 1600 nm. The weak SHG response of Cu4MnGe2S7 precluded phase-matching studies at longer wavelengths. The laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) for Cu2MnGeS4 was estimated to be ∼0.1 GW cm-2 at λ = 1064 nm (pulse width: τ = 30 ps), while the LIDT for Cu4MnGe2S7 could not be ascertained due to its weak response. The significant variance in NLO properties can be reasoned using the results from electronic structure calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17524-17537
Number of pages14
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number47
StatePublished - Dec 21 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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