Cyclododecapeptide analog of the polyhexapeptide of elastin: 2‐D NMR and molecular dynamics studies

Chi‐Hao ‐H Luan, Dan W. Urry, Dan W. Urry

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    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The hexapeptide, (APGVGV), is one of the repeating sequences found in the natural protein, elastin. The cyclododecapeptide, cyclo(L‐Ala1–L‐Pro2–Gly3–L–Val4–Gly5–L‐Val6)2, was synthesized and was found to undergo an inverse temperature transition leading to crystallization. Extensive NMR experiments have been carried out previously to evaluate its secondary structure in comparison to that of its linear counterpart, polyhexapeptide (APGVGV)n, directly and in terms of the concept of cyclic conformations with linear conformational correlates. Building on the previous work, this report adds 2‐D NMR and molecular dynamics studies on the molecular structure of the cyclododecapeptide. From the 2‐D COSY and 2‐D NOESY experimental results, a reversal of the previous Gly3 and Gly5 resonance assignments in the cyclododecapeptide is reported. And in the 2‐D NOESY study, a prominent NOE is found between the NH's of the two valine residues at position 4 and 6. Because the Val4 and Val6 residues are not adjacent to each other sequentially, the proximity of these two backbone hydrogens is used as an imposed constraint in constructing the molecular structure of the cyclododecapeptide. Molecular dynamics investigations were employed using the information from the 1‐D and 2‐D NMR experiments to arrive at potential molecular structures of the cyclododecapeptide. The characteristic secondary structural feature obtained is the expected Type II Pro2–Gly3 β‐turn consisting of the 10‐membered hydrogen bond between the residue‐4 NH and the residue‐1 CO, a feature previously found in this and all other repeating peptides in elastin which contain the Pro2–Gly3 sequence.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)145-159
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
    Volume38
    Issue number17 S
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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