Background: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme in the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) from activated macrophages. PGE2 is increased during trauma and sepsis and has been implicated as a negative immunomodulator. The objective of this study was to determine the therapeutic benefits of a COX-2 inhibitor (NS-398) on survival and leukocyte production in a murine model of burn sepsis. Methods: To determine the in vitro ability of NS-398 to inhibit macrophage production of PGE2, peritoneal elicited macrophages were stimulated for 18 hours with medium alone, endotoxin (ETX) (1 μmol/L), or ETX plus NS-398 (0.3 μmol/L). Macrophage supernatant PGE2 levels were determined by an enzyme immunoassay. To test the in vivo efficacy of NS-398, mice subjected to a 15% dorsal scald burn plus 1,000 colony- forming units of topical Pseudomonas aeruginosa received either 10 mg/kg NS- 398 intraperitoneally or placebo 4 to 6 hours after infection and twice daily for 3 days. Survival was measured up to 14 days, and circulating white blood cell (WBC) count and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) were determined 3 days after injury. Results: Macrophage PGE2 production was significantly increased in the ETX-treated group compared with the medium-alone group, and this increase was completely normalized with the addition of NS-398. NS-398 also augmented WBC count (4,288 ± 649 vs. 7,866 ± 435 per mm3; p < 0.01) and ANC (1,068 ± 255 vs. 3,663 ± 474 per mm3) after burn infection and attenuated macrophage depression of hematopoietic proliferation. Finally, NS- 398 treatment significantly improved survival after burn infection, from 0 to 45.5%. Conclusion: Inhibition of the COX-2 isoform of cyclooxygenase with NS- 398 inhibited macrophage PGE2 production, restored ANC, and improved survival during burn infection. NS398, therefore, has potential therapeutic benefits in septic patients who have developed neutropenia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|State||Published - Aug 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine