Cytokine induction of leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM- 1) expression on chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells

A. P. Jewell*, K. L. Yong, C. P. Worman, F. J. Giles, A. H. Goldstone, P. M. Lydyard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leucocyte adhesion molecule 1 (LAM-1 ) participates in the binding of human leucocytes to high endothelial venules in peripheral lymph nodes. Other adhesion receptors which are involved include CD44 and the integrin family, CD11/CD18. In this study, B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells were examined for the expression of these adhesion molecules, and lot the way in which cytokines are able to modulate the levels of these receptors. B-CLL cells express significant but variable levels of LAM-1 and high levels of CD44. In contrast, these cells exhibit very low or absent amounts of surface CD11a, CD11P, or CD11c. Most CLL cells expressed no detectable levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 but some cases show levels of up to 30%. Following 24 h incubation with interferon α(500 U/ml), surface LAM-1 expression on peripheral blood E-negative cells from CLL patients rose to 330 ± 127% of levels on control cells incubated with medium alone (n = 13, p < 0.0005). Interleukin 4 (1 ng/ml) and interferon γ (100 U/ml) also increased surface LAM-1 levels on these cells to 218 ± 119% (n= 8, p < 0.001) and 245 ± 116% (n = 5, p < 0.001) of control levels respectively. Induction of LAM-1 expression occured over 48 h (> 50% of the increase was seen in the first 24 h) in a dose-dependent manner and required protein synthesis. The induction of LAM-1 expression on the malignant cells may, by altering the homing behaviour of these cells, relate to the reduction in peripheral leukaemic cells seen following treatment with interferon α in CLL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-404
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia
Volume6
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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