Damage-plastic loading surface model for concrete

J. C. Chern*, A. H. Marchertas, Z. P. Bazant, F. B. Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The paper presents a plasticity-type model which is characterized by normality, continuity, convexity and associatedness. It utilizes two loading surfaces, of which one describes the behavior associated with damage due to inelastic volume change (expansion from micro-cracking, or contraction from pore collapse or closure) and the other plasticity at no inelastic volume change. Since only one of these two surfaces is active at the same time, the formulation is equivalent to a single loading surface. The deviatoric section of the damage loading surface is a rounded triangle, and the Rendulić section meridians have the shape of a slanted ellipse. The loading surfaces are smooth and have no corners. Although the model involves approximately the same number of material constants as the previous models of similar capability, identification of these constants from test data is much simpler. The properties of the model are also more advantageous for numerical finite element applications. The model is shown to be capable of describing the basic uniaxial and multiaxial test data for concrete except degradation of material stiffness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-125
Number of pages19
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering

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