Microstructures significantly impact the performance of sensitively engineered components, such as wireless impact detectors used in military vehicles or sensors used in aircrafts. These components can operate safely only within a certain range of frequencies, and frequencies outside that range can lead to instability because of resonance. This paper addresses optimization of the microstructure design to maximize the yield stress of a galfenol beam under vibration tuning constraints defined for the first torsional and bending natural frequencies by using a data-driven solution scheme. In this study, two carefully designed algorithms are used to sample the entire microstructure space. Classical optimization techniques often lead to a unique microstructural solution rather than yielding the complete space of optimal microstructures. Multiple optimal solutions are imperative for the practicality of design because conventional low-cost manufacturing processes can generate only a limited set of microstructures. The current data sampling-based methodology outperforms or is on par with other optimization techniques but also provides numerous near-optimal solutions, which is two to three orders of magnitude more than previous methods. Consequently, the proposed framework delivers a spectrum of optimal solutions in the microstructure space that can accelerate material development and reduce manufacturing costs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering