To determine day-to-day variability in respiratory pattern, we obtained 188 comparisons of pneumograms performed during two successive 24-h intervals. The respiratory pattern values calculated were total duration of brief apnea (apnea density), periodic breathing episodes, longest apnea, number of apneas >11 s, and number of apneas >15 s. For day 1 values for apnea density, periodic breathing, and longest apnea which were within the 90th percentile for normal infants at age 1 month, day 2 values fell outside that range in 4.3, 3.5, and 18% of comparisons, respectively. There was a systematic tendency for the day 2 values to be less than the day 1 values. For each parameter, the day 2 range was lower, the slope of the day 2 versus day 1 regression line was significantly less than 1 (p < 0.01) and the y-intercept was significantly greater than zero (p < 0.01). Knowledge of day-to-day pneumogram variability should be helpful in interpreting individual pneumogram results and in assessing the clinical usefulness of pneumogram recordings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health