Death associated protein kinase as a potential therapeutic target

Andrew M. Schumacher, Anastasia V. Velentza, D. Martin Watterson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Death associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a calmodulin (CaM)-regulated serine/threonine protein kinase implicated in diverse apoptosis pathways, including those involved in neuronal cell death and tumour suppression. The requirement of DAPK catalytic activity for its proposed cell functions and the validation of protein kinases as therapeutic targets demand that DAPK be examined as a potential therapeutic target in human disease. The relevant placement of DAPK activity in apoptosis pathways is at an early stage of investigation, making its study as a therapeutic target tenuous. However, the current body of knowledge raises the possibility of DAPK as a therapeutic target for diseases characterised by rapid neurodegeneration, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury. The unmet need in these diseases is for an acute treatment schedule that might reduce neuronal loss. Bioavailable inhibitors of DAPK catalytic activity that target the central nervous system have a potential to fill this need. The development of such DAPK inhibitors is now feasible based on the recent emergence of enabling technology and knowledge. These include a quantitative and selective enzyme assay, a high resolution structure of the active catalytic domain and discovery of cell-permeable, low molecular weight inhibitors of CaM kinases that cross the blood-brain barrier. DAPK as a potential therapeutic target for cancer is less attractive due to the incomplete state of knowledge about DAPK and inherent limitations in drug development for the discovery of specific activators of genes downregulated by promoter hypermethylation. This article provides a brief summary of relevant research and the rationale that is at the foundation of this opinion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-506
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Calmodulin
  • Cancer
  • Death-associated protein kinase
  • Ischaemia
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Protein kinase inhibitor
  • Stroke
  • Tumour suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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