DECOMPOSITIONS OF HIGH-FREQUENCY HELMHOLTZ SOLUTIONS VIA FUNCTIONAL CALCULUS, AND APPLICATION TO THE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

J. Galkowski, D. Lafontaine, E. A. Spence, J. Wunsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last 10 years, results from [J. M. Melenk and S. Sauter, Math. Comp., 79 (2010), pp. 1871-1914], [J. M. Melenk and S. Sauter, SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 49 (2011), pp. 1210- 1243], [S. Esterhazy and J. M. Melenk, Numerical Analysis of Multiscale Problems, Springer, New York, 2012, pp. 285-324] and [J. M. Melenk, A. Parsania, and S. Sauter, J. Sci. Comput., 57 (2013), pp. 536-581] decomposing high-frequency Helmholtz solutions into "low-" and "high-" frequency components have had a large impact in the numerical analysis of the Helmholtz equation. These results have been proved for the constant-coefficient Helmholtz equation in either the exterior of a Dirichlet obstacle or an interior domain with an impedance boundary condition. Using the Helffer- Sjöstrand functional calculus [B. Helffer and J. Sjöstrand, Schrödinger Operators, Springer, Berlin, 1989, pp. 118-197] this paper proves analogous decompositions for scattering problems fitting into the black-box scattering framework of Sjöstrand and Zworski [J. Amer. Math. Soc., 4 (1991), pp. 729-769] thus covering Helmholtz problems with variable coefficients, impenetrable obstacles, and penetrable obstacles all at once. These results allow us to prove new frequency-explicit convergence results for (i) the hp-finite-element method (hp-FEM) applied to the variable-coefficient Helmholtz equation in the exterior of an analytic Dirichlet obstacle, where the coefficients are analytic in a neighborhood of the obstacle, and (ii) the h-FEM applied to the Helmholtz penetrable-obstacle transmission problem. In particular, the result in (i) shows that the hp-FEM applied to this problem does not suffer from the pollution effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3903-3958
Number of pages56
JournalSIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • FEM
  • Helmholtz
  • hp-FEM
  • splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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