Decreased expression of microRNA-29 family in leiomyoma contributes to increased major fibrillar collagen production

Erica E. Marsh*, Marissa L. Steinberg, J. Brandon Parker, Ju Wu, Debabrata Chakravarti, Serdar E. Bulun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To determine the expression and function of the microRNA-29 family (miRNA-29a, miRNA-29b, miRNA-29c) in human leiomyoma and myometrium. Design Basic science experimental design. Setting Academic medical center. Patient(s) Women undergoing surgery for symptomatic uterine fibroids. Intervention(s) Overexpression and knockdown of miRNA-29a, miRNA-29b, and miRNA-29c in primary leiomyoma and myometrial cells. Main Outcome Measure(s) [1] Expression of the miRNA-29 family members in vivo in leiomyoma versus myometrium; [2] Major fibrillar collagen (I, II, III) expression in leiomyoma and myometrial cells with manipulation of miRNA-29 species. Result(s) Members of the miRNA-29 family (29a, 29b, 29c) are all down-regulated in leiomyoma versus myometrium in vivo. The expression of the miRNA-29 family can be successfully modulated in primary leiomyoma and myometrial cells. Overexpression of the miRNA-29 family in leiomyoma cells results in down-regulation of the major fibrillar collagens. Down-regulation of the miRNA-29 species in myometrium results in an increase in collagen type III deposition. Conclusion(s) The miRNA-29 family is consistently down-regulated in leiomyoma compared to matched myometrial tissue. This down-regulation contributes to the increased collagen seen in leiomyomas versus myometrium. When miRNA-29 members are overexpressed in leiomyoma cells, protein levels of all of the major fibrillar collagens decrease. The miRNA-29 members are potential therapeutic targets in this highly prevalent condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-772
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Leiomyoma
  • collagen
  • extracellular matrix
  • fibroids
  • microRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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