The enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) catalyzes the synthesis of leukotrienes (LTs) from arachidonic acid (AA). Adherence or recruitment of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) induces nuclear import of 5-LO from the cytosol, which is associated with enhanced LTB4 synthesis upon subsequent cell stimulation. In this study, we asked whether adherence of human eosinophils (EOS) causes a similar redistribution of 5-LO and an increase in LTC4 synthesis. Purified blood EOS examined either in suspension or after adherence to fibronectin for 5 min contained only cytosolic 5-LO. Cell stimulation resulted in activation of 5-LO, as evidenced by its translocation to membranes and LTC4 synthesis. As with PMN, adherence of EOS to fibronectin for 120 min caused nuclear import of 5-LO. Unexpectedly, however, adherence also caused a time-dependent decrease in LTC4 synthesis: EOS adhered for 120 min produced 90% less LTC4 than did cells adhered for 5 min. Adherence did not diminish the release of [3H]AA from prelabeled EOS or reduce the synthesis of the prostanoids thromboxane and PGE2. Also, inhibition of LTC4 production caused by adherence could not be overcome by the addition of exogenous AA. Adherence increased, rather than decreased, LTC4 synthase activity. However, the stimulation of adherent EOS failed to induce translocation of 5-LO from the nucleoplasm to the nuclear envelope. This resistance to activation of the nuclear pool of 5-LO with diminished LT production represents a novel mode of regulation of the enzyme, distinct from the paradigm of up-regulated LT synthesis associated with intranuclear localization of 5-LO observed in PMN and other cell types.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy