Deep Convolutional Neural Network based Classification of Alzheimer's Disease using MRI Data

Ali Nawaz, Syed Muhammad Anwar, Rehan Liaqat, Javid Iqbal, Ulas Bagci, Muhammad Majid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and incurable neurodegenerative disease which destroys brain cells and causes loss to patient's memory. Early detection can prevent the patient from further damage to the brain cells and hence avoid permanent memory loss. In the past few years, various automatic tools and techniques have been proposed for the diagnosis of AD. Several methods focus on fast, accurate, and early detection of the disease to minimize the loss to a patient's mental health. Although machine learning and deep learning techniques have significantly improved medical imaging systems for AD by providing diagnostic performance close to the human level. But the main problem faced during multi-class classification is the presence of highly correlated features in the brain structure. In this paper, we have proposed a smart and accurate way of diagnosing AD based on a two-dimensional deep convolutional neural network (2D-DCNN) using an imbalanced three-dimensional MRI dataset. Experimental results on Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) dataset confirms that the proposed 2D-DCNN model is superior in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and robustness. The model classifies MRI into three categories: AD, mild cognitive impairment, and normal control; and has achieved 99.89% classification accuracy with imbalanced classes. The proposed model exhibits noticeable improvement in accuracy as compared to state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2020 23rd IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, INMIC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728198934
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event23rd IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, INMIC 2020 - Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Duration: Nov 5 2020Nov 7 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2020 23rd IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, INMIC 2020

Conference

Conference23rd IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, INMIC 2020
Country/TerritoryPakistan
CityBahawalpur
Period11/5/2011/7/20

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Brain MRI
  • deep Convolutional neural network
  • Deep learning
  • Multi-class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Health Informatics

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