Deep DIC: Deep learning-based digital image correlation for end-to-end displacement and strain measurement

Ru Yang, Yang Li, Danielle Zeng, Ping Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Digital image correlation (DIC) has become an industry standard to retrieve accurate displacement and strain measurement in tensile testing and other material characterization. Though traditional DIC offers a high precision estimation of deformation for general tensile testing cases, the prediction becomes unstable at large deformation or when the speckle patterns start to tear. In addition, traditional DIC requires a long computation time and often produces a low spatial resolution output affected by filtering and speckle pattern quality. To address these challenges, we propose a new deep learning-based DIC approach – Deep DIC, in which two convolutional neural networks, DisplacementNet and StrainNet, are designed to work together for end-to-end prediction of displacements and strains. DisplacementNet predicts the displacement field and adaptively tracks a region of interest. StrainNet predicts the strain field directly from the image input without relying on the displacement prediction, which significantly improves the strain prediction accuracy. A new dataset generation method is developed to synthesize a realistic and comprehensive dataset, including the generation of speckle patterns and the deformation of the speckle image with synthetic displacement fields. Though trained on synthetic datasets only, Deep DIC gives highly consistent and comparable predictions of displacement and strain with those obtained from commercial DIC software for real experiments, while it outperforms commercial software with very robust strain prediction even at large and localized deformation and varied pattern qualities. In addition, Deep DIC is capable of real-time prediction of deformation with a calculation time down to milliseconds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117474
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume302
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Computer vision
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Digital image correlation
  • Experimental mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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