Deficiency in Re-Orienting of Attention in Adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Valentina Gumenyuk*, Oleg Korzyukov, Natalie Tapaskar, Michael Wagner, Charles R. Larson, Michael J. Hammer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To characterize potential brain indexes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Methods: In an effort to develop objective, laboratory-based tests that can help to establish ADHD diagnosis, the brain indexes of distractibility was investigated in a group of adults. We used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and performance measures in a forced-choice visual task. Results: Behaviorally aberrant distractibility in the ADHD group was significantly higher. Across three ERP components of distraction: N1 enhancement, P300 (P3a), and Reorienting Negativity (RON) the significant difference between ADHD and matched controls was found in the amplitude of the RON. We used non-parametric randomization tests, enabling us to statistically validated this difference between-group. Conclusions: Our main results of this feasibility study suggest that among other ERP components associated with auditory distraction, the RON response is promising index for a potential biomarker of deficient re-orienting of attention in adults s with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalClinical EEG and Neuroscience
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • ERP index
  • auditory
  • distractibility in ADHD
  • reorienting negativity (RON)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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