Defining the soil parameters for computing deformations caused by braced excavation

Linlong Mu*, Richard J Finno, Maosong Huang, Taesik Kim, Kristi Kern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Evaluation of the soil response is required to estimate the potential building damage caused by excavations. Using proper soil parameters is a key ingredient when computing soil responses, assuming the model represents the actual soil response in a reasonable way. Soil parameters are usually identified from laboratory experiments performed on tube samples or from in situ tests, but large uncertainties are associated with these methods for most projects. Inverse analysis is a quantitative technique that allows one to select parameters to fit the responses of soil from both laboratory tests and field observations. The technique is applied to results of both the laboratory experiments on block and thin-walled tube samples and the field performance data, all of which were collected from an excavation made through Chicago clays. The results of computed soil responses based on the hardening soil (HS) model and the hardening soil with small strain (HSS) model found in the computer code Plaxis are compared to illustrate the problems that are likely to be encountered in practical application of finite element simulations. Guidance is provided for selecting the parameters from laboratory tests to compute the field responses for braced excavation loadings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-180
Number of pages16
JournalMaejo International Journal of Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 26 2015


  • Braced excavation
  • Finite element
  • Small strain
  • Soil parameters
  • Stress probing test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Defining the soil parameters for computing deformations caused by braced excavation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this