Defining Treatment Response and Remission in Youth Anxiety: A Signal Detection Analysis With the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children

Sophie A. Palitz*, Nicole E. Caporino, Joseph F. McGuire, John Piacentini, Anne Marie Albano, Boris Birmaher, John Timothy Walkup, Scott N. Compton, Golda S. Ginsburg, Philip C. Kendall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the percent reduction cutoffs on the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) that optimally predict treatment response and remission in youth with anxiety disorders. Method: Youths and their parents completed the MASC-C/P before and after treatment, and the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV–Child and Parent Versions (ADIS-IV-C/P) and the Clinical Global Impression–Improvement Scale (CGI-I) were administered by independent evaluators. Treatment response and remission were defined by post-treatment ratings on the CGI-I and the ADIS-IV-C/P, respectively. Quality receiver operating characteristic methods determined the optimal cutoff on the MASC-P for predicting overall remission (loss of all study entry diagnoses) and optimal percent reductions on the MASC-P for predicting treatment response and remission of separation anxiety, social anxiety, and generalized anxiety. Results: A post-treatment raw score of 42 optimally predicted remission. A reduction of 35% on the total MASC-P predicted treatment response. A reduction of 30% on the Separation Anxiety/Panic subscale of the MASC-P predicted separation anxiety remission. A reduction of 35% on the Social Anxiety subscale of the MASC-P predicted social anxiety remission. The MASC did not evidence a cutoff for remission of generalized anxiety disorder. Conclusion: MASC cutoffs can facilitate comparison across studies and guide practice, aiding clinicians in assessing progress and informing treatment plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-427
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

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Keywords

  • Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children
  • child anxiety
  • clinical assessment
  • measurement
  • treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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