Delineating personal values in a diverse middle childhood sample

Raul A. España*, Allison N. Shields, Avanté J. Smack, Jennifer L. Tackett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Portrait Values Questionnaire – Child Version (PVQ-C) assesses 10 basic human values in childhood but has been used only sparingly in research on child individual differences. The present study examined PVQ-C values in the context of associations with child personality traits and endorsement differences between gender and racial/ethnic identities. In a diverse sample of 350 children (Mage = 9.81, SDage = 0.66; 52.9 % female; 29.7 % Black, 24.8 % Hispanic, 30 % white), results revealed theoretically coherent shared variance between children's self-reported personal values and their parent-reported personality traits. Gender and racial/ethnic differences emerged for seven childhood personal values. These findings point toward a comprehensive framework of children's personality that incorporates multiple indicators of individual differences including personality traits and personal values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104281
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Gender differences
  • Personal values
  • Personality traits
  • Racial/ethnic differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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