Density and Pattern in Suburban Fringes

John Hudson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The usual summary measures derived from cell frequency counts of settlement distributions are defined on the basis of areal units rather than on the elements of the distribution. Other summary measures which refer to the number of settlements within a fixed distance of each individual settlement express the degree of clustering. Computation of these indices on a sequence of suburban fringe settlement maps for nine metropolitan centers in the Middle West reveals that exponential growth in density is accompanied by changes in patchiness; by a spatially non-random process of growth; and by a slackening in the rate of increase in mean crowding after density has reached a level of roughly fifty dwellings per square mile (20 per km2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-39
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 1973


  • Middle West
  • Population density
  • Settlement patterns
  • Suburban fringe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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