Dentin phosphoprotein binds annexin 2 and is involved in calcium transport in rat kidney ureteric bud cells

Keith Alvares*, Paula H. Stern, Arthur Veis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Dentin phosphoprotein (DPP) is the most abundant noncollagenous protein in the dentin, where it plays a major role in the mineralization of dentin. However, we and others have shown that in addition to being present in the dentin, DPP is also present in nonmineralizing tissues like the kidney, lung, and salivary glands, where it conceivably has other functions such as in calcium transport. Because annexins have been implicated as calcium transporters, we examined the relationships between DPP and annexins. In this report, we show that DPP binds to annexin 2 and 6 present in a rat ureteric bud cell line (RUB1). Immunofluorescence studies show that annexin 2 and DPP colocalize in these cells. In addition, DPP and annexin 2 colocalize in the ureteric bud branches of embryonic metanephric kidney. In the RUB1 cells and ureteric bud branches of embryonic kidney, colocalization was restricted to the cell membrane. Studies on calcium influx into RUB cells show that in the presence of anti-DPP, there was a 40% reduction of calcium influx into these cells. We postulate that DPP has different functions in the kidney as compared with the odontoblasts. In the odontoblasts, its primary function is in the extracellular mineralization of dentin, whereas in the kidney it may participate in calcium transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13036-13045
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 3 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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