Deoxyribonucleic acid-protein interactions and expression of the human testis-specific lactate dehydrogenase promoter: Transcription factor Sp1 plays a major role

Christophe Bonny, Laurinda A. Cooker, Erwin Goldberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The human testis-specific lactate dehydrogenase c gene (Idh-c) shows an exceptionally large window of expression throughout pre- and postmeiotic stages of the male germ cell lineage. In order to characterize the multiple stage-specific transcription factors necessary for Idh-c expression, we previously characterized the human Idh-c core promoter. Here, we used a combination of gel retardation assays and an in vitro transcription system derived from human tissues to better define the elements that govern Idh-c transcription. Three classes of transcriptional regulators were defined by these experiments. 1) The Sp1 transcription factor is a testis-'enriched' protein that is absent from most somatic tissues and that appears to play a major role in determining Idh-c expression in the testis. Highest levels of Sp1 during spermatogenesis correlate with maxima of Idh-c expression. 2) The testis-specific cAMP response element modulator (CREM(t)) transcription factor binds a cAMP response element (CRE)-like sequence located at position -433. This transcriptional activator might contribute to postmeiotic transcription of Idh-c. 3) Factors present in tissues negative for Idh-c expression appear to bind both the CRE-like sequence and an adjacent hormone response element. The presence of this element could be involved in regulating Idh-c through the glucocorticoid/androgen pathways at the early stages of Idh-c expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-759
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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