Depression and elder abuse and neglect among a community-dwelling Chinese elderly population

Xinqi Dong*, Melissa A. Simon, Richard Odwazny, Martin Gorbien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our recent survey of an elderly cohort in mainland China suggests that elder abuse and neglect are common. Unfortunately, there is minimal knowledge about the risk factors for elder abuse and neglect among this population. We aimed to examine depression as a risk factor for elder abuse and neglect among Chinese elderly. A cross-sectional study was performed in a major urban medical center in NanJing, China. Depression was assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale and direct questions were asked regarding abuse and neglect experienced by the elderly since the age of 60; 412 patients completed the survey. The mean age of the participants was 70 and 34% were female. Depression was found in 12% of the participants and elder abuse and neglect was found in 35% of the participants. After multiple logistical regression, feeling of dissatisfaction with life (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.51-5.68, p 0.001), often being bored (OR, 2.91; CI, 1.53-5.55, p 0.001), often feeling helpless (OR, 2.79; CI, 1.35-5.76, p 0.001), and feeling worthless (OR, 2.16; CI, 1.10-4.22, p 0.001) were associated with increased risk of elder abuse and neglect. Multiple logistic regression modeling showed that depression is independently associated with elder abuse and neglect (OR, 3.26; CI, 1.49-7.10, p 0.003). These findings suggest that depression is a significant risk factor associated with elder abuse and neglect among Chinese elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-41
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Elder Abuse and Neglect
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2008

Keywords

  • China
  • Depression
  • Elder abuse and neglect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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