This study examined the relationship between coping and depression in multiple sclerosis patients, and how that relationship varies at different levels of physical impairment. One-hundred and one patients with clinically definite MS were assessed using the Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI) with three sub-scales developed by Wineman et al, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Depression was significantly higher at more advanced levels of neurologic impairment than at lower levels. Escape-Avoidance and Emotional Respite were positively related to level of depression. Planful Problem-Solving and Cognitive Reframing were negatively related to depression. An interaction between coping, depression, and level of neurologic impairment was observed in which Planful Problem-Solving and Cognitive Reframing were more strongly related to depression at higher levels of impairment. The interaction effect for Escape-Avoidance and Emotional Respite with depression and level of impairment did not reach significance. It was concluded that there is a significant interaction between level of neurologic impairment, coping behaviors, and depression in patients with MS.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
- Chronic illness
- Multiple sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology