Design and analysis of delay-tolerant intelligent intersection management

Bowen Zheng, Chung Wei Lin, Shinichi Shiraishi, Qi Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The rapid development of vehicular network and autonomous driving technologies provides opportunities to significantly improve transportation safety and efficiency. One promising application is centralized intelligent intersection management, where an intersection manager accepts requests from approaching vehicles (via vehicle-to-infrastructure communication messages) and schedules the order for those vehicles to safely crossing the intersection. However, communication delays and packet losses may occur due to the unreliable nature of wireless communication or malicious security attacks (e.g., jamming and flooding), and could cause deadlocks and unsafe situations. In our previous work, we considered these issues and proposed a delay-tolerant intersection management protocol for intersections with a single lane in each direction. In this work, we address key challenges in efficiency and deadlock when there are multiple lanes from each direction, and propose a delay-tolerant protocol for general multi-lane intersection management. We prove that this protocol is deadlock free, safe, and satisfies the liveness property. Furthermore, we extend the traffic simulation suite SUMO with communication modules, implement our protocol in the extended simulator, and quantitatively analyze its performance with the consideration of communication delays. Finally, we also model systems that use smart traffic lights with various back-pressure scheduling methods in SUMO, including the basic back-pressure control, the capacity-aware back-pressure control, and the adaptive max-pressure control.We then compare our delay-tolerant intelligent intersection protocol with smart traffic lights that use the three back-pressure scheduling methods, in the case of a network of interconnected intersections. Simulation results demonstrate that our approach significant outperforms the smart traffic lights under normal operation (i.e., when the communication delay is not too large).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA3
JournalACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2019


  • Autonomous intersection
  • Back-pressure control
  • Connected and autonomous vehicles
  • Cyber-physical security
  • Smart traffic lights
  • Timing attack
  • V2X
  • Vehicular network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence


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