Design of a pragmatic trial in minority children presenting to the emergency department with uncontrolled asthma: The CHICAGO Plan

Jerry A. Krishnan*, Molly A. Martin, Cortland Lohff, Giselle S. Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, Julie A. DeLisa, Kate McMahon, Kim Erwin, Leslie S. Zun, Michael L. Berbaum, Michael McDermott, Nina E. Bracken, Rajesh Kumar, S. Margaret Paik, Sharmilee M. Nyenhuis, Stacy Ignoffo, Valerie G. Press, Zachary E. Pittsenbarger, Trevonne M. Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Among children with asthma, black children are two to four times as likely to have an emergency department (ED) visit and die from asthma, respectively, compared to white children in the United States. Despite the availability of evidence-based asthma management guidelines, minority children are less likely than white children to receive or use effective options for asthma care. The CHICAGO Plan is a three-arm multi-center randomized pragmatic trial of children 5 to 11 years old presenting to the ED with uncontrolled asthma that compares: [1] an ED-focused intervention to improve the quality of care on discharge to home, [2] the same ED-focused intervention together with a home-based community health worker (CHW)-led intervention, and [3] enhanced usual care. All children receive spacers for the metered dose inhaler and teaching about its use. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Asthma Impact Scale and Satisfaction with Participation in Social Roles at 6 months are the primary outcomes in children and in caregivers, respectively. Other patient-reported outcomes and indicators of healthcare utilization are assessed as secondary outcomes. Innovative features of the CHICAGO Plan include early and continuous engagement of children, caregivers, the Chicago Department of Public Health, and other stakeholders to inform the design and implementation of the study and a shared research infrastructure to coordinate study activities. The objective of this report is to describe the development of the CHICAGO Plan, including the methods and rationale for engaging stakeholders, the shared research infrastructure, and other features of the pragmatic clinical trial design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-22
Number of pages13
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Community health worker
  • Health disparities
  • Pragmatic clinical trial
  • Quality of asthma care
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Uncontrolled asthma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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