Design principles for nanoparticle based photonic crystals

Lin Sun, Haixin Lin, George C. Schatz, Chad A. Mirkin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We present a new approach for building three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals from periodic nanoparticle lattices that use spacers between plasmonic particles to control particle interactions, as compared to typical designs where dielectric materials are in contact. We delineate a set of simple yet general design principles that can be used to quickly derive the superlattice stopband features based on just two lattice parameters: nanoparticle-layer periodicity and volume fraction. By fixing the lattice parameters and comparing stopband properties from lattices composed of a variety of metallic and dielectric nanoparticles, we show that plasmonic nanoparticles are advantageous for optimizing the stopband features in photonic crystals made with nanoparticles and spacers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActive Photonic Platforms X
EditorsGanapathi S. Subramania, Stavroula Foteinopoulou
ISBN (Electronic)9781510620131
StatePublished - 2018
EventActive Photonic Platforms X 2018 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 19 2018Aug 23 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherActive Photonic Platforms X 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • Colloidal crystal
  • DNA-programmable assembly
  • Photonic crystal
  • Plasmonic nanoparticles
  • Tunable bandgap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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