Design Rules for Obtaining Narrow Luminescence from Semiconductors Made in Solution

Hao A. Nguyen, Grant Dixon, Florence Y. Dou, Shaun Gallagher, Stephen Gibbs, Dylan M. Ladd, Emanuele Marino, Justin C. Ondry, James P. Shanahan, Eugenia S. Vasileiadou, Stephen Barlow, Daniel R. Gamelin, David S. Ginger, David M. Jonas, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Seth R. Marder, Daniel Morton, Christopher B. Murray, Jonathan S. Owen, Dmitri V. TalapinMichael F. Toney, Brandi M. Cossairt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Solution-processed semiconductors are in demand for present and next-generation optoelectronic technologies ranging from displays to quantum light sources because of their scalability and ease of integration into devices with diverse form factors. One of the central requirements for semiconductors used in these applications is a narrow photoluminescence (PL) line width. Narrow emission line widths are needed to ensure both color and single-photon purity, raising the question of what design rules are needed to obtain narrow emission from semiconductors made in solution. In this review, we first examine the requirements for colloidal emitters for a variety of applications including light-emitting diodes, photodetectors, lasers, and quantum information science. Next, we will delve into the sources of spectral broadening, including “homogeneous” broadening from dynamical broadening mechanisms in single-particle spectra, heterogeneous broadening from static structural differences in ensemble spectra, and spectral diffusion. Then, we compare the current state of the art in terms of emission line width for a variety of colloidal materials including II-VI quantum dots (QDs) and nanoplatelets, III-V QDs, alloyed QDs, metal-halide perovskites including nanocrystals and 2D structures, doped nanocrystals, and, finally, as a point of comparison, organic molecules. We end with some conclusions and connections, including an outline of promising paths forward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7890-7952
Number of pages63
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 28 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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