Designing an Excellent Deep-Ultraviolet Birefringent Material for Light Polarization

Xinglong Chen, Bingbing Zhang, Fangfang Zhang, Ying Wang, Min Zhang, Zhihua Yang*, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, Shilie Pan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

332 Scopus citations


Owing to their vital role in creating and controlling polarized light, birefringent materials are used extensively in various advanced optical systems which in turn impact a large, rapidly increasing range of applications in science and technology. Currently, the fairly small birefringence of MgF2 and the low transmittance of α-BaB2O4 (α-BBO) hinder their efficient application for wavelength below 200 nm. For example, deep-ultraviolet (DUV) birefringent materials for light polarization are urgently needed for DUV lithography. Here we demonstrate based on computational and experimental results that parallel chains of corner-connected planar sp2-hybridized BO3 groups found in Ca(BO2)2 effectively produce large birefringence. Ca(BO2)2 achieves three vital "best" properties including the shortest UV cutoff edge, the largest birefringence, and the highest laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) compared to all the reported borate birefringent materials. On the basis of a Ca(BO2)2 single crystal, a DUV Glan polarizer has been realized and is more efficient than one constructed with commercially available MgF2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16311-16319
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 28 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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