TY - JOUR

T1 - Designing High-Efficiency Nanostructured Two-Phase Heusler Thermoelectrics

AU - Kocevski, Vancho

AU - Wolverton, Chris

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was supported by the DARPA Grant No. N66001-15-C-4036 (DFT calculations) and by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0014520 (design of the high-throughput screening strategy). This research used computational resources provided by the Quest high performance computing facility at North-western University, which is jointly supported by the Office of the Provost, the Office for Research, and Northwestern University Information Technology, as well as the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

PY - 2017/11/14

Y1 - 2017/11/14

N2 - Nanostructured systems formed by two distinct phases are particularly promising for high efficiency thermoelectrics due to the reduction in thermal conductivity afforded by the nanostructured phase. However, the choice of the matrix and nanostructured phases represents a challenging materials discovery problem due to the large compositional space involved. Heusler phase thermoelectrics are particularly promising candidates for nanostructuring since these compounds often possess favorable electronic thermoelectric properties but relatively high thermal conductivity. Here, we have developed a high-throughput screening strategy to predict promising candidates for nanostructuring systems based on two Heusler phases. Our search includes all two-phase systems involving full, half, and inverse Heusler in the Open Quantum Materials Database, in total a search space of 1011 possible combinations of two Heusler compounds. To reduce this space, our screening approach starts with a set of known thermoelectrics as matrix phases and screens for all second phase compounds that are stable and form a two-phase equilibrium with the matrix. We compute mixing energies for the resulting combinations of a matrix and a nanostructured phase, find systems that have a moderately large positive mixing energy, and hence show an appropriate balance between tendency for nanostructuring and solubility of the second phase. Our screening approach gives 31 pairs, two of which have been explored experimentally (thus validating our screening strategy) and 29 of which represent new predictions of systems awaiting experimental synthesis. In addition, our results show that matrix/nanostructure pairs consisting of distinct crystal structures (e.g., mixing of half Heusler with full Heusler) typically have low mutual solubility, whereas isostructural matrix/nanostructured phase pairs (where both matrix and nanostructure have the same structure type, half Heusler or full Heusler) more often have energetics suitable for forming nanostructures or solid solutions.

AB - Nanostructured systems formed by two distinct phases are particularly promising for high efficiency thermoelectrics due to the reduction in thermal conductivity afforded by the nanostructured phase. However, the choice of the matrix and nanostructured phases represents a challenging materials discovery problem due to the large compositional space involved. Heusler phase thermoelectrics are particularly promising candidates for nanostructuring since these compounds often possess favorable electronic thermoelectric properties but relatively high thermal conductivity. Here, we have developed a high-throughput screening strategy to predict promising candidates for nanostructuring systems based on two Heusler phases. Our search includes all two-phase systems involving full, half, and inverse Heusler in the Open Quantum Materials Database, in total a search space of 1011 possible combinations of two Heusler compounds. To reduce this space, our screening approach starts with a set of known thermoelectrics as matrix phases and screens for all second phase compounds that are stable and form a two-phase equilibrium with the matrix. We compute mixing energies for the resulting combinations of a matrix and a nanostructured phase, find systems that have a moderately large positive mixing energy, and hence show an appropriate balance between tendency for nanostructuring and solubility of the second phase. Our screening approach gives 31 pairs, two of which have been explored experimentally (thus validating our screening strategy) and 29 of which represent new predictions of systems awaiting experimental synthesis. In addition, our results show that matrix/nanostructure pairs consisting of distinct crystal structures (e.g., mixing of half Heusler with full Heusler) typically have low mutual solubility, whereas isostructural matrix/nanostructured phase pairs (where both matrix and nanostructure have the same structure type, half Heusler or full Heusler) more often have energetics suitable for forming nanostructures or solid solutions.

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U2 - 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03379

DO - 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03379

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85034035163

SN - 0897-4756

VL - 29

SP - 9386

EP - 9398

JO - Chemistry of Materials

JF - Chemistry of Materials

IS - 21

ER -