Destruction of chemical warfare agents using metal-organic frameworks

Joseph E. Mondloch, Michael J. Katz, William C. Isley, Pritha Ghosh, Peilin Liao, Wojciech Bury, George W. Wagner, Morgan G. Hall, Jared B. Decoste, Gregory W. Peterson, Randall Q. Snurr, Christopher J. Cramer, Joseph T. Hupp, Omar K. Farha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

449 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chemical warfare agents containing phosphonate ester bonds are among the most toxic chemicals known to mankind. Recent global military events, such as the conflict and disarmament in Syria, have brought into focus the need to find effective strategies for the rapid destruction of these banned chemicals. Solutions are needed for immediate personal protection (for example, the filtration and catalytic destruction of airborne versions of agents), bulk destruction of chemical weapon stockpiles, protection (via coating) of clothing, equipment and buildings, and containment of agent spills. Solid heterogeneous materials such as modified activated carbon or metal oxides exhibit many desirable characteristics for the destruction of chemical warfare agents. However, low sorptive capacities, low effective active site loadings, deactivation of the active site, slow degradation kinetics, and/or a lack of tailorability offer significant room for improvement in these materials. Here, we report a carefully chosen metal-organic framework (MOF) material featuring high porosity and exceptional chemical stability that is extraordinarily effective for the degradation of nerve agents and their simulants. Experimental and computational evidence points to Lewis-acidic Zr IV ions as the active sites and to their superb accessibility as a defining element of their efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-516
Number of pages5
JournalNature materials
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Mondloch, J. E., Katz, M. J., Isley, W. C., Ghosh, P., Liao, P., Bury, W., Wagner, G. W., Hall, M. G., Decoste, J. B., Peterson, G. W., Snurr, R. Q., Cramer, C. J., Hupp, J. T., & Farha, O. K. (2015). Destruction of chemical warfare agents using metal-organic frameworks. Nature materials, 14(5), 512-516. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4238