Detection of a White Dwarf Companion to a Blue Straggler Star in the Outskirts of Globular Cluster NGC 5466 with the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT)

Snehalata Sahu, Annapurni Subramaniam, Mirko Simunovic, J. Postma, Patrick Côté, N. Kameswera Rao, Aaron M. Geller, Nathan Leigh, Michael Shara, Thomas H. Puzia, Peter B. Stetson

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of a hot white dwarf (WD) companion to a blue straggler star (BSS) in the globular cluster (GC) NGC 5466, based on observations from the Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) on board AstroSat. The Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) of the Far-UV detected BSS NH 84 was constructed by combining the flux measurements from four filters of UVIT, with GALEX, GAIA, and other ground-based observations. The SED of NH 84 reveals the presence of a hot companion to the BSS. The temperature and radius of the BSS (Teff = 8000-250+1000K, R/R = 1.44 ±; 0.05) derived from Gemini spectra and SED fitting using Kurucz atmospheric models are consistent with each other. The temperature and radius of the hotter companion of NH 84 (Teff = 32,000 ±; 2000 K, R/R = 0.021 ± 0.007) derived by fitting Koester WD models to the SED suggest that it is likely to be a hot WD. The radial velocity derived from the spectra along with the proper motion from GAIA DR2 confirms NH 84 to be a kinematic member of the cluster. This is the second detection of a BSS-WD candidate in a GC, and the first in the outskirts of a low-density GC. The location of this BSS in NGC 5466 along with its dynamical age supports the mass-transfer pathway for BSS formation in low-density environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number34
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume876
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Keywords

  • binaries: general
  • blue stragglers
  • globular clusters: individual (NGC 5466)
  • ultraviolet: stars
  • white dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Sahu, S., Subramaniam, A., Simunovic, M., Postma, J., Côté, P., Rao, N. K., Geller, A. M., Leigh, N., Shara, M., Puzia, T. H., & Stetson, P. B. (2019). Detection of a White Dwarf Companion to a Blue Straggler Star in the Outskirts of Globular Cluster NGC 5466 with the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT). Astrophysical Journal, 876(1), [34]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab11d0