Detection of hot, metal-enriched outflowing gas around z ≈ 2.3 star-forming galaxies in the Keck Baryonic Structure Survey

Monica L. Turner*, Joop Schaye, Charles C. Steidel, Gwen C. Rudie, Allison L. Strom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use quasar absorption lines to study the physical conditions in the circumgalactic medium of redshift z ≈ 2.3 star-forming galaxies taken from the Keck Baryonic Structure Survey. In Turner et al. we used the pixel optical depth technique to show that absorption by HI and the metal ions OVI, NV, CIV, CIII, and Si IV is strongly enhanced within |Δν| ≲ 170 km s-1 and projected distances |d| ≲ 180 proper kpc from sightlines to the background quasars. Here we demonstrate that the OVI absorption is also strongly enhanced at fixed HI, CIV, and Si IV optical depths, and that this enhancement extends out to ~350 km s-1. At fixedHI the increase in themedian OVI optical depth near galaxies is 0.3-0.7 dex and is detected at 2-3σ confidence for all seven HI bins that have log10 τHI ≥ -1.5. We use ionization models to show that the observed strength of OVI as a function of HI is consistent with enriched, photoionized gas for pixels with τHI ≳ 10. However, for pixels with τHI ≲ 1 this would lead to implausibly high metallicities at low densities if the gas were photoionized by the background radiation. This indicates that the galaxies are surrounded by gas that is sufficiently hot to be collisionally ionized (T > 105 K) and that a substantial fraction of the hot gas has a metallicity ≳10-1 of solar. Given the high metallicity and large velocity extent (out to ~1.5 νcirc) of this gas, we conclude that we have detected hot, metal-enriched outflows arising from star-forming galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2067-2082
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume450
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2015

Keywords

  • Galaxies: formation
  • Intergalactic medium
  • Quasars: absorption lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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