The value of CT and angiography to detect complications of prosthetic arterial grafting was compared in 24 patients. There was a total of 27 grafts including 18 aortic or aortofemoral, five femoral-popliteal, two femoral-femoral, and two axillary-femoral reconstructions. Nineteen grafts were uninfected; eight were infected. In the absence of infection, the complications and the percentages detected by the two procedures were as follows: five graft occlusions (CT 80%, angiography 100%), six pseudoaneurysms (CT 100%, angiography 83%), three with perigraft fluid (CT 100%, angiography 0%), and one with pseudointimal hyperplasia (CT 100%, angiography 0%). Seven grafts were normal and without abnormalities on both CT and angiography. In the presence of infection the results were as follows: eight with perigraft fluid (CT 100%, angiography 0%), four with perigraft or intragraft gas (CT 100%, angiography 0%), three pseudo-aneurysms (CT 100%, angiography 100%), two open groin wounds (CT 100%, angiography 0%), and two graft occlusions (CT 100%, angiography 100%). In addition, three patients with infected grafts had graft enteric fistulae. All three had fluid around the proximal anastomosis and two had gas around the graft as well. The data show that angiography is sufficient for patients with graft occlusion if there is no suspicion of infection, postoperative hemorrhage, or anastomotic pseudoaneurysm. In these cases CT has an ancillary role in detecting hemorrhage and defining pseudo-aneurysms. CT is superior to angiography in patients with graft infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging