The detectability of sinusoidal amplitude modulation at unexpected modulation rates was assessed using a probe-signal method. With this method, three listeners were led to expect a target modulation rate (4, 32, or 256 Hz) by presenting the signal most often at that rate, and sensitivity to modulation at six other unexpected rates between 4 and 256 Hz was measured via occasionally presented probe modulation rates. The modulation phase was random on each two-interval forced-choice trial and the overall level of the 500-ms broadband carder was randomly varied between 55 and 75 dB SPL across intervals. The modulation depth at each rate was set so that the modulation was detected on about 90% of the trials when only that rate was presented. Performance at the unexpected rates depended upon the target rate. For the 4- Hz target, modulation at all rates was detected on about 80% of the trials. For the 32- and 256-Hz targets, unexpected modulation rates of 16 Hz and above were detected on 80%-90% of the trials, but modulation rates below 16 Hz were detected nearly at chance. The influence of expectation of modulation rate on the detection of sinusoidal amplitude modulation is not readily predicted by current models of modulation detection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics