Detectivity of plasmonic enhanced photodetectors based on nondegenerate two-photon absorption process

Alireza Bonakdar*, John Kohoutek, Hooman Mohseni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Mid-infrared photodetectors are the subject of many research efforts within the last two decades for enhancing their operating parameters such as temperature stability, detectivity and quantum efficiency. This is due to their wide range of applications like biosensing, night vision, and short range communication. However, mid-infrared photons have much smaller energy compared with the band gap energy of well known semiconductors including III-V and II-VI families. One way to overcome this problem is to utilizing quantum confinement effects by absorbing a photon through the intersubband transition of a conduction electron or valance hole. Fabricating devices at the nanoscale size to achieve quantum confinement is costly and imposes limitations for further device preparation. In addition, the optical properties of quantum confined devices are sensitive to nanoscale geometrical parameters which make them vulnerable to fabrication imperfections. The other approach of detecting mid-infrared light is by exploiting the non-degenerate twophoton absorption process (TPA). Two photons with different energies can be absorbed simultaneously by a semiconductor with the band gap energy less than the overall energy of two photons. Thus, a mid-infrared photon as the signal can be detected by a bulk semiconductor with much larger band gap energy when a near-infrared photon as the gate assists the absorption process through TPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPlasmonics
Subtitle of host publicationMetallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties X
Volume8457
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
EventPlasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties X - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 12 2012Aug 16 2012

Other

OtherPlasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties X
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/12/128/16/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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