Determinants of LV diastolic function during atrial fibrillation: Beat-to-beat analysis in acute dog experiments

Tomotsugu Tabata*, Richard A. Grimm, Junko Asada, Zoran B. Popovicý, Hirotsugu Yamada, Neil L. Greenberg, Don W. Wallick, Youhua Zhang, Shaowei Zhuang, Kent A. Mowrey, James D. Thomas, Todor N. Mazgalev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function during atrial fibrillation (AF) remains poorly understood due to the complex interaction of factors and beat-to-beat variability. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the physiological determinants of beat-to-beat changes in LV diastolic function during AF. The RR intervals preceding a given cardiac beat were measured from the right ventricular electrogram in 12 healthy open-chest mongrel dogs during AF. Doppler echocardiography and LV pressure and volume beat-to-beat analyses were performed. The LV filling time (FT) and early diastolic mitral inflow velocity-time integral (Evti) were measured using the pulsed Doppler method. The LV end-diastolic volume (EDV), peak systolic LV pressure (LVP), minimum value of the first derivative of LV pressure curve (dP/dt min), and the time constant of LV pressure decay (τ) were evaluated with the use of a conductance catheter for 100 consecutive cardiac cycles. Beat-to-beat analysis revealed a cascade of important causal relations. LV-FT showed a significant positive linear relationship with Evti (r = 0.87). Importantly, there was a significant positive linear relationship between the RR interval and LV-EDV in the same cardiac beat (r = 0.53). Consequently, there was a positive linear relationship between LV-EDV and subsequent peak systolic LVP (r = 0.82). Furthermore, there were significant positive linear and negative curvilinear relationships between peak systolic LVP and dP/dtmin (r = 0.95) and τ (r = -0.85), respectively, in the same cardiac beat. In addition, there was a significant negative curvilinear relationship between dP/dtmin and τ (r = -0.86). We have concluded that the determinants of LV diastolic function in individual beats during AF depend strongly on the peak systolic LVP. This suggests that the major benefit of slower ventricular rate appears related to lengthening of LV filling interval, promoting subsequent higher peak systolic LVP and greater LV relaxation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H145-H152
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume286
Issue number1 55-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Filling interval
  • Left ventricular pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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