Determinants of thiopental induction dose requirements

M. J. Avram*, R. Sanghvi, T. K. Henthorn, T. C. Krejcie, C. A. Shanks, R. J. Fragen, K. A. Howard, D. A. Kaczynski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Dose requirements for thiopental anesthetic induction have significant age- and gender-related variability. We studied the association of the patient characteristics age, gender, weight, lean body mass, and cardiac output with thiopental requirements. Doses of thiopental, infused at 150 mg/min, required to reach both a clinical end-point and an electroencephalographic (EEG) end-point were determined in 30 males and 30 females, aged 18-83 yr. Univariate least squares linear regression analysis revealed outliers in the relationships of age, weight, lean body mass, and cardiac output to thiopental dose at clinical and EEG endpoints. Differential weighting of data points minimized the effect of outliers in the construction of a robust multiple linear regression model of the relationship between several selected independent variables and the dependent variables thiopental dose at clinical and EEG endpoints. The multiple linear regression model for thiopental dose at the clinical end-point selecting the regressor variables age, weight, and gender (R2 = 0.76) was similar to that for age, lean body mass, and gender (R2 = 0.75). Thiopental dose at the EEG end-point was better described by models selecting the variables age, weight, and cardiac output (R2 = 0.88) or age, lean body mass, and cardiac output (R2 = 0.87). Although cardiac output varied with age, age always remained a selected variable. Because weight and lean body mass differed with gender, their selection as variables in the model eliminated gender as a selected variable or minimized its importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-17
Number of pages8
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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