Determination of optimal gadolinium concentration using SSFP for catheter-directed contrast-enhanced coronary MR angiography

Brian E. Schirf*, Jordin D. Green, Kent Sato, Andrew C. Larson, Ali Shaibani, Riad Salem, Debiao Li, Reed A. Omary

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Rationale and Objectives. To determine the optimal gadolinium concentration for catheter-directed coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) using magnetization-prepared steady-state free-precession (SSFP) in swine. Materials and Methods. In six pigs, we performed real-time MR imaging-guided coronary artery catheterization using a 1.5 T MR scanner. For catheter-directed coronary MRA, we injected 3-4 mL of dilute Gd at 1 mL/second for each tested concentration (4%, 8%, 10%, and 12% Gd). Eleven images per concentration were acquired using electrocardiographic-triggered, magnetization-prepared two-dimensional (2D) projection SSFP. We compared mean relative signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) values for each concentration using two-way analysis of variance. Results. The targeted coronary artery was catheterized under real-time MR guidance in all pigs. Magnetization-prepared 2D projection SSFP successfully depicted the coronary arteries in all 44 injections. Mean relative SNR (± standard error) was 7.2 ± 0.49 for 4%, 8.8 ± 0.47 for 8%, 9.5 ± 0.38 for 10%, and 8.8 ± 0.41 for 12%. Injections of 4% dilute gadolinium yielded significantly less relative SNR than the other tested concentrations (P <. 05). There were no statistically significant differences between the remaining concentrations. Conclusion. For catheter-directed contrast-enhanced coronary MRA, the ideal gadolinium concentration should maximize relative SNR and limit the total gadolinium dose. Using these criteria, of those concentrations we tested in the swine model, 8% injected gadolinium was superior for catheter-directed SSFP coronary MRA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-775
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Contrast agent
  • Coronary
  • Interventional procedures
  • Magnetic resonance angiography
  • SSFP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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