Determination of total (Na++K+)-ATPase activity of isolated or cultured cells

Zijian Xie*, Yahong Wang, Mehdi Ganjeizadeh, Richard McGee, Amier Askari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this work was to determine if the total (Na++K+)-ATPase of the plasma membrane of a cell population could be assayed without cell homogenization and partial purification of the enzyme. Several types of intact cells that were placed in an assay medium containing MgATP, Na+, and K+ hydrolyzed little or none of the added ATP. When the cells were pretreated with the ionophore alamethicin and then placed in the assay medium, they exhibited an ouabain-sensitive (Na++K+)-ATPase activity that increased and reached a limiting value with increasing alamethicin concentration. Since alamethicin did not increase the activity of the purified membrane-bound (Na++K+)-ATPase, its effects on the intact cells are probably due to the formation of large channels within the plasma membrane that allow the free access of the components of the assay medium to the intracellular domains of (Na++K+)-ATPase. Utilizing whole cells treated with alamethicin, total (Na++K+)-ATPase activity was determined in clonal pheochromocytoma cells (PC 12), neuroblastoma × glioma hybrid cells (NG 108-15), and myocytes isolated from adult and neonatal rat hearts. With the use of this whole-cell assay, the ouabain sensitivities of the enzymes in adult and neonatal rat heart myocytes were determined and found to be the same as those that have been determined with the use of partially purified enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume183
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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